Performance at International Benchmarks

Download PIRLS 2016 International Benchmarks (pdf)

The PIRLS 2016 International Benchmarks of Reading Achievement

Description of the PIRLS 2016 International Benchmarks

The interactive graphic shows the descriptions of the skills demonstrated by fourth grade students at each of the four International Benchmarks. Benchmark descriptions at each level are shown separately for literary and informational reading to reflect the varying demands that different types of texts present. With each reading purpose, the progression in reading comprehension processes is evident from benchmark to benchmark.

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INTERNATIONAL BENCHMARKS
Advanced International Benchmark (625)
Advanced International Benchmark (625)
When reading relatively complex Literary Texts, students can:

  • Interpret story events and character actions to describe reasons, motivations, feelings, and character development with full text-based support
  • Begin to evaluate the effect on the reader of the author’s language and style choices

When reading relatively complex Informational Texts, students can:

  • Distinguish and interpret complex information from different parts of text, and provide full text-based support
  • Integrate information across a text to explain relationships and sequence activities
  • Begin to evaluate visual and textual elements to consider the author’s point of view

More about this benchmark

High International Benchmark (550)
High International Benchmark (550)
When reading relatively complex Literary Texts, students can:

  • Locate and distinguish significant actions and details embedded across the text
  • Make inferences to explain relationships between intentions, actions, events, and feelings, and give text-based support
  • Interpret and integrate story events and character actions, traits, and feelings as they develop across the text
  • Recognize the use of some language features (e.g., metaphor, tone, imagery)

When reading relatively complex Informational Texts, students can:

  • Locate and distinguish relevant information within a dense text or a complex table
  • Make inferences about logical connections to provide explanations and reasons
  • Integrate textual and visual information to interpret the relationship between ideas
  • Evaluate and make generalizations about content and textual elements

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Intermediate International Benchmark (475)
Intermediate International Benchmark (475)
When reading a mix of simpler and relatively complex Literary Texts, students can:

  • Independently locate, recognize, and reproduce explicitly stated actions, events, and feelings
  • Make straightforward inferences about the attributes, feelings, and motivations of main characters
  • Interpret obvious reasons and causes, recognize evidence, and give examples
  • Begin to recognize language choices

When reading a mix of simpler and relatively complex Informational Texts, students can:

  • Locate and reproduce two or three pieces of information from text
  • Make straightforward inferences to provide factual explanations
  • Begin to interpret and integrate information to order events

More about this benchmark

Low International Benchmark (400)
Low International Benchmark (400)
When reading predominantly simpler Literary Texts, students can:

  • Locate and retrieve explicitly stated information, actions, or ideas
  • Make straightforward inferences about events and reasons for actions
  • Begin to interpret story events and central ideas

When reading predominantly simpler Informational Texts, students can:

  • Locate and reproduce explicitly stated information from text and other formats (e.g., charts, diagrams)
  • Begin to make straightforward inferences about explanations, actions, and descriptions

More about this benchmark

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