The School Emphasis on Academic Success scale was administered to both principals and teachers. Exhibit 6.2 presents the results based on the principals and Exhibit 6.3 the results based on the teachers. On average, 8 percent of the fourth grade students attended schools where the principal reported a Very High Emphasis on academic success, 54 percent schools with High Emphasis, and 38 percent schools with Medium Emphasis, with higher emphasis on academic success related to higher average reading achievement (531, 518, and 494, respectively).
The results based on teacher reports were nearly identical. On average, according to the teachers, 8 percent of the students attended schools with a Very High Emphasis on academic success, 55 percent schools with High Emphasis, and 37 percent schools with Medium Emphasis. As would be anticipated, higher average reading achievement also was associated with teachers’ reports of higher emphasis on academic success (522, 518, and 497, respectively).